A marine chemistry lab at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has become the world’s first biofuel-producing lab, using algae to convert fuel to carbon dioxide.
The $2.5 million lab at a lab in the U.S. Marine Science Building in Arlington, Virginia, uses algae and seaweed to produce fuel, which is then pumped into a tank and shipped to a facility in South Carolina, where it can be converted to carbon, or methane.
The lab has received more than $400,000 in grants and loan guarantees, and it is now a full-fledged biofuel production lab, with staff of more than 60, with a potential for 500 additional workers.
“We have a very strong research and development program at NOAA,” said Dr. Thomas O’Connor, a marine biologist at NOAA’s Office of Biosphere, Biomass, and Environment.
“It has a lot of great things going for it.
We are making tremendous progress in the field.”
The facility uses a system called B.D.C.O.E., or B.S.’s Biofuel Engine.
The algae can convert carbon dioxide into methane by photosynthesis, a process that has been shown to be highly efficient.
The algae uses carbon dioxide to convert water into carbon dioxide and oxygen.
This carbon dioxide is used as a catalyst for converting methane into CO2.
The resulting carbon dioxide then gets pumped into an open-air tank, which has a valve to release CO2 into the atmosphere.
The B.A.C.’s biofuel lab has been built using a technology called CO2-capture technology, a technique that uses CO2 to capture carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and convert it into CO 2 when the process is completed.
The lab was built on an existing algae farm in Alabama, which the U-M researchers said has been used to generate more than 200 million tons of CO2 per year.
“In the last few years, we have really changed the way we generate CO2, so we are able to make this very powerful process a lot more efficient,” said Paul Cram, the lab’s associate professor of oceanography and atmospheric sciences.
“Our hope is to eventually have a system that could produce hundreds of millions of tons of fuel a year.”
To make CO2 gas, the algae converts CO2 and oxygen to a liquid form.
Once this liquid is pumped into the tank, the liquid forms a gas that can be injected into a fuel cell, where the gas then is converted to electricity and stored in the battery.
This process has been demonstrated at other sites, including the Marine Biomacro project in Massachusetts.
The biofuel labs, which are part of the Marine Biofuel program, are designed to be environmentally friendly, and their operations are made possible through government support, according to NOAA.
The Marine BioFuel project uses algae from a farm in Tennessee to produce carbon dioxide, methane, and a mix of other chemicals.
The goal is to create a carbon-based fuel, the company said.